RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Effects of Ramadan Fasting on Anterior Segment Parameters, Visual Acuity and Intraocular Pressures of the Eye



Ozlem Barut Selver, Melis Palamar*, Kevser Gerceker, Sait Egrilmez, Ayse Yagci
Department of Ophthalmology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.


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© 2017 Selver et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Ophthalmology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, 35040 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey; Tel: +905304085054; Fax: +90(232)3881469; E-mail: melispalamar@hotmail.com


Abstract

Objective:

It is aimed to determine whether fasting during Ramadan has any significant effect on anterior chamber parameters, visual acuity and intraocular pressures.

Methods:

31 fasting (Group 1) and 30 non-fasting healthy volunteers (Group 2) were enrolled. All cases underwent an ophthalmological examination and anterior segment parameter evaluation (central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber angle (ACA), pupil size) with Pentacam before and after the breaking of the Ramadan fast in Group 1, before and after dinner in Group 2.

Results:

The mean age was 43.35 ± 13.20 in Group 1, 43.17 ± 12.90 in Group 2 (p= 0.955). No significant difference was detected in any of the parameters in both groups.

Conclusion:

There is a need for more detailed and associated studies to understand better about the influence of Ramadan fast on various ocular parameters.

Keywords: Anterior chamber parameters, Intraocular pressure, Ramadan fasting, Visual acuity.