Cataract Surgery in Patients with Keratoconus: Pearls and Pitfalls



F. Aiello1, 2, *, QJ Nasser1, C. Nucci2, R.I. Angunawela1, Z. Gatzioufas1, V. Maurino1
1 Moorfields Eye Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust. London – United Kingdom
2 Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome “Tor Vergata” Rome - Italy


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© 2017 Aiello et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Moorfields Eye Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, 162, City Road, EC1V 2PD. London, UK, Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome “Tor Vergata” Rome-Italy; Tel: 00447428240837, Email: francesco.aiello@moorfields.nhs.uk


Abstract

Background:

Keratoconus (KC) is a common ectatic disorder resulting in progressive corneal thinning and irregular astigmatism. It has been observed that patients affected by KC are more likely to develop lens opacities earlier compared to non-keratoconic patients.

Objective:

Intraocular lens (IOL) selection and refractive outcome prediction are among a number of factors that can make cataract surgery in keratoconic patients challenging. Accurate biometry is often difficult to obtain due to unreliable K measurements and lack of dedicated biometric formulae. The use of toric IOLs has also been investigated.

Conclusions:

Determining the stage of KC, pre-operative patient counselling and the preferred method of refractive correction are all crucial to obtain successful postoperative outcomes and good patient satisfaction. The use of toric IOLs can achieve good results only in selected low-grade keratoconic eyes.

Keywords: Keratoconus, Cataract surgery, Biometry, Toric IOL, Pearls, Collagen.