Cataract Surgery in Patients with Keratoconus: Pearls and Pitfalls
F. Aiello1, 2, *, QJ Nasser1, C. Nucci2, R.I. Angunawela1, Z. Gatzioufas1, V. Maurino1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
Issue: Suppl-1, M3
First Page: 194
Last Page: 200
Publisher ID: TOOPHTJ-11-194
Article History:Received Date: 27/02/2017
Revision Received Date: 17/04/2017
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2017
Electronic publication date: 31/07/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keratoconus (KC) is a common ectatic disorder resulting in progressive corneal thinning and irregular astigmatism. It has been observed that patients affected by KC are more likely to develop lens opacities earlier compared to non-keratoconic patients.
Intraocular lens (IOL) selection and refractive outcome prediction are among a number of factors that can make cataract surgery in keratoconic patients challenging. Accurate biometry is often difficult to obtain due to unreliable K measurements and lack of dedicated biometric formulae. The use of toric IOLs has also been investigated.
Determining the stage of KC, pre-operative patient counselling and the preferred method of refractive correction are all crucial to obtain successful postoperative outcomes and good patient satisfaction. The use of toric IOLs can achieve good results only in selected low-grade keratoconic eyes.