RESEARCH ARTICLE

Transepithelial versus Epithelium off Crosslinking for Treating Keratoconus among Jordanians

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 28 Feb 2019 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874364101913010008

Abstract

Background:

The progression of keratoconus is stabilized with the help of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) supported through photosynthesized riboflavin.

Objective:

This study aims to compare the effectiveness of the transepithelial procedure and epithelium off procedure of corneal collagen crosslinking among keratoconus patients in Jordan.

Methods:

The study recruited 80 patients suffering from progressive keratoconus, from a tertiary care setting in Jordan. These participants were randomly divided into two groups; group 1 with 40 participants subjected to transepithelial (Corneal collagen cross-linking) CXL; and 40 participants in group 2 received conventional epithelium off CXL.

Results:

Improvement was observed in the mean contact lens, which corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) from logMAR 0.332 ± 0.09 (group 1), 0.35 ± 0.09 (group 2) to 0.241 ± 0.07 (group 1), 0.21 ± 0.07 (group 2), respectively at the end of follow-up (12 months). The mean pachymetry improved from 429.81 ± 18.96 μm (group 1), 430.08 ± 17.05 μm (group 2) to 436.5 ± 15.49 μm (group 1), 436.44 ± 12.53 μm (group 2), respectively, after twelve months. Additionally, the mean Sim K astigmatism declined from 7.0 ± 2.0 (group 1), 6.73 ± 1.98 (group 2) to 5.97 ± 1.88 (group 1), 5.53 ± 0.08 (group 2) respectively at twelve months post-treatment. Majority of the patients in group 2 experienced more pain as compared to group 1 participants.

Conclusion:

The effectiveness of a cross-linking procedure related to keratometry readings and corneal thickness showed that conventional (epithelium off) CXL method is more effective than transepithelial CXL.

Keywords: Keratoconus, Collagen, Cornea, Crosslinking, Visual acuity, Keratoplasty.
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