CASE REPORT

Azzopardi Phenomenon in a Non-neoplastic Phthisical Eye: A Case Report

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 28 December 2021 CASE REPORT DOI: 10.2174/1874364102115010288

Abstract

Objective:

The Azzopardi phenomenon, known as the deoxyribonucleic acid deposition on various structures due to cellular necrosis, has never been reported in non-neoplastic eyes.

Methods:

We report a case of a 48-year-old man who had congenital nystagmus with poor vision in both eyes, presented with decreased vision and photophobia in his left eye. An exudative retinal detachment was found, which did not respond to systemic steroid treatment. Glaucoma due to occlusio pupillae was later developed. Laser iridotomy and anti-glaucoma medications decreased intraocular pressure to an acceptable level. Vision in the left eye gradually deteriorated during the 10-year clinical course. Evisceration was finally performed due to persistent dull aching ocular pain along with signs of ocular hypotony

Results:

Histopathological examination showed phthisis bulbi and focal nodular retinal gliosis. The Azzopardi phenomenon was found at the retinal vessel walls, within the retinal layers and along the internal limiting membrane. There was neither evidence of intraocular tumors nor foreign bodies.

Conclusion:

This case demonstrated that the Azzopardi phenomenon could be present in a non-neoplastic eye with a longstanding disease that proceeds to phthisis bulbi.

Keywords: Case report, Azzopardi phenomenon, DNA deposition, Focal nodular retinal gliosis, Phthisis bulbi, Non-neoplastic eye.
Fulltext HTML PDF
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804