RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of Corneal Endothelium after Myopic Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) with Accelerated Cross-Linking (CXL) in Diabetic Patients

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 31 December 2021 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874364102115010329

Abstract

Purpose:

To study the effect of LASIK with accelerated CXL on corneal endothelium in myopic diabetic patients.

Methods:

A prospective comparative interventional case series study on 120 eyes of 60 myopic patients treated with LASIK with accelerated CXL. They were divided into two groups; group A included 60 eyes of diabetic patients, group B included 60 eyes of non-diabetic patients. Corneal endothelium was evaluated by specular microscope preoperatively and after 3 and 6 months postoperatively.

Results:

The endothelial cells density (ECD) showed statistically significant changes after 3 and 6 months postoperatively (p-value <0.001) in group A while group B showed statistically significant changes after 3 months without significant change after 6 months (p-value= 0.103), both groups had improved to near preoperative levels, with no significant differences between them at the end of 6 months follow-up (p-value = 0.219). Regarding pleomorphism, there was a significant change in group A during 6 months follow-up (p-value <0.001) with no significant change in group B (p-value= 0.884), and in comparing both groups, there was a significant change at the end of 6 months follow-up (p-value <0.001). Regarding polymegathism, there was a significant change in group A during 6 months follow-up (p-value <0.001) with no significant change in group B after 3 (p-value= 0.178) and 6 (p-value= 0.866) months follow-up, and in comparing both groups, there was a significant change at the end of 6 months follow-up (p-value <0.001).

Conclusion:

LASIK with accelerated CXL is safe on corneal endothelium in diabetic myopic patients but needs to follow up for a long period.

Keywords: Lasik, Corneal endothelium, Accelerated cross-linking, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic patients, In situ.
Fulltext HTML PDF
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804