Frontalis Suspension Surgery in Upper Eyelid Blepharoptosis
Yasuhiro Takahashi 1, Igal Leibovitch 2, Hirohiko Kakizaki*, 1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 91
Last Page: 97
Publisher ID: TOOPHTJ-4-91
Article History:Received Date: 15/4/2010
Revision Received Date: 25/6/2010
Acceptance Date: 19/7/2010
Electronic publication date: 14/12/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Frontalis suspension is a commonly used surgery that is indicated in patients with blepharoptosis and poor levator muscle function. The surgery is based on connecting the tarsal plate to the eyebrow with various sling materials. Although fascia lata is most commonly used due to its long-lasting effect and low rate of complications, it has several limitations such as difficulty of harvesting, insufficient amounts in small children, and postoperative donor-site complications. Other sling materials have overcome these limitations, but on the other hand, have been reported to be associated with other complications. In this review we focus on the different techniques and materials which are used in frontalis suspension surgeries, as well as the advantage and disadvantage of these techniques.