Pseudophakic Cystoid Macular Edema Associated with Extrafoveal Vitreoretinal Traction
Michael R Martinez 1, Avinoam Ophir*, 1, 2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2011
First Page: 35
Last Page: 41
Publisher ID: TOOPHTJ-5-35
Article History:Received Date: 28/10/2010
Revision Received Date: 21/1/2011
Acceptance Date: 22/1/2011
Electronic publication date: 12/05/2011
Collection year: 2011
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
To describe an association between extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction and intractable chronic pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) by the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT).
In a retrospective case series study, charts and OCT findings of patients who had postoperative recalcitrant pseudophakic CME for at least 6 months and vitreoretinal traction membranes were analyzed. Excluded were eyes that either had another vitreoretinopathy that could affect the analysis or had undergone an intravitreal intervention.
Three eyes (three patients) with macular edema following uneventful cataract surgery were detected to be associated with multifocal extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction sites in each. Retinal edema that was underlying each of the traction sites in all eyes was in continuum in at least one site per eye with the central macular edema, thus manifesting as diffuse macular edema.
Chronic pseudophakic macular edema may be related to extrafoveal vitreoretinal traction.