REVIEW ARTICLE


Corneal Refractive Procedures for the Treatment of Presbyopia



Kareem Moussa1, Naz Jehangir2, Tova Mannis3, Wai L. Wong1, Majid Moshirfar4, *
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
2 Research Associate, Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
3 Clinical fellow, Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
4 Medical Director HDR Research Center, Hoopes Vision and Professor of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA


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© 2017 Moussa et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Ophthalmology, Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California San Francisco, 10 Koret Way, K101, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Tel: (415) 502-3321; Fax: (415) 476-0336; E-mails: Majid.moshirfar@ucsf.edu, cornea2020@icloud.com


Abstract

Purpose:

Refractive surgery has been in use for a long time and is evolving at a fast pace with several new corneal procedures being used for the correction of presbyopia. The purpose of this article is to give a comprehensive review of the literature to evaluate the outcome and success of different corneal refractive surgical procedures in presbyopic patients.

Methods:

We performed a comprehensive search on PubMed to identify published reports of the various procedures utilized in the past and present to correct presbyopia. The outcomes of these procedures were recorded.

Results and conclusion:

We found that varying rates of success have been reported with these procedures. The results of our exhaustive search are presented in this report for review.

Keywords: Presbyopia, LASIK, PresbyLASIK, Corneal Inlays, Conductive Keratoplasty, INTRACOR.