RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy as an Adjunct to Diabetic Vitrectomy

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 24 Aug 2021 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874364102115010137

Abstract

Introduction:

The purpose of this work is to study the efficacy of the preoperative intravitreal administration of bevacizumab as an adjunct to vitrectomy in patients with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR).

Methods:

This retrospective comparative study was performed on 118 eyes (118 patients) with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), which underwent vitrectomy surgery at the Department of Diabetic Eye Disease at Zarifa Aliyeva National Ophthalmology Centre (Baku, Azerbaijan) in 2015-2019. The main group (the bevacizumab group) included 48 eyes with PDR that received intravitreal administration of bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech Inc., USA) within one week before vitrectomy; the control group included 70 eyes that did not receive a bevacizumab injection for at least 3 months before the vitrectomy. The minimum follow-up was 12 months.

Results:

In both groups, complete retinal attachment after primary vitrectomy was achieved in all eyes (100%). Clinically significant intraoperative haemorrhage was observed in the preoperative bevacizumab injection group in 31.2% and the control group- 51.4%, p = 0.030. The preoperative bevacizumab injection reduced the risk of clinically significant haemorrhage by 2.3 times and the need for endodiathermy by 2.7 times (p = 0.031 and p = 0.024, respectively). Early vitreous cavity haemorrhage was observed in 15.0% in the bevacizumab group and in 35.5% in the control group (p = 0.038). The preoperative injection of bevacizumab before vitrectomy reduced the risk of vitreous cavity haemorrhage in the early postoperative period by 3.0 times (p = 0.036).

Conclusion:

The preoperative use of bevacizumab as an adjunct to diabetic vitrectomy can help reduce the incidence of intraoperative and early postoperative vitreous cavity haemorrhage, which leads to better functional results in the early postoperative period. Over the long-term follow-up period, the effect of the preoperative bevacizumab injections decreases.

Keywords: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy, Vitrectomy, Endodiathermy, Vitreous cavity haemorrhage, Anti-VEGF therapy, Intravitreal bevacizumab.
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