Transepithelial Corneal Cross-linking with Supplemental Oxygen in Keratoconus Treatment - Corneal Stromal Demarcation Line and Safety
Jessica Qian Hui Choo1, Li Lim1, 2, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2022
E-location ID: e187436412207130
Publisher ID: e187436412207130
Article History:Received Date: 27/12/2021
Revision Received Date: 28/2/2022
Acceptance Date: 31/3/2022
Electronic publication date: 30/08/2022
Collection year: 2022
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
To evaluate the corneal stromal demarcation line and safety of transepithelial corneal cross-linking (CXL) with supplemental oxygen in progressive keratoconus treatment.
This is a retrospective review of 25 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent epithelial-on CXL with supplemental oxygen from December 2019 to February 2022. Outcomes measured include corneal stromal demarcation line depth, volume of cornea treated, endothelial cell count, best-corrected visual acuity, keratometric parameters and post-treatment adverse events.
25 eyes of 25 patients were included and mean age was 28.3 years. Mean follow-up period was 11.5 ± 1.39 months. Pre-operatively, mean ± standard deviation (SD) of K1, K2, Kmax and minimal corneal thickness were 45.9D ± 3.79D, 50.2D ± 4.83D, 57.5D ± 6.98D and 482.3um ± 36.8um respectively. There is no significant difference between pre and post-treatment corneal topographic parameters. There was improvement in BCVA post-treatment. The mean post-treatment corneal stromal demarcation line depth was 367.3 ± 89.8um. The volume of treated cornea including the central corneal epithelial thickness was 73.3 ± 4.39%. There was no reduction in endothelial cell count (ECC) post-procedure (pre-treatment mean ECC±SD: 2695.4 ± 224.5 cells/mm2, post-treatment ECC 2730.1 ± 252.0 cells/mm2, p-value = 0.33). Post-treatment corneal haze was mild and seen in 8 patients postoperatively. One patient developed a non-visual axis involving stromal infiltrate that resolved with topical broad-spectrum anti-microbials.
Trans-epithelial CXL with supplemental oxygen for keratoconus treatment achieved comparable corneal stromal demarcation line depth comparable to that of conventional epithelial-off corneal cross-linking and had a similar safety profile.