RESEARCH ARTICLE

Acquired Vertical Accommodative Vergence

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 8 Mar 2008 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874364100802010034

Abstract

Vertical accommodative vergence is an unusual synkinesis in which vertical vergence is modulated together with accommodation. It results from a supranuclear miswiring of the network normally conveying accommodative convergence. So far, it is unknown whether this condition is congenital or acquired. We identified an otherwise healthy girl who gradually developed vertical accommodative vergence between five to 13 years of age. Change of accommodation by 3 diopters induced a vertical vergence of 10 degrees. This observation proves that the miswiring responsible for vertical accommodative vergence must not necessarily be congenital, but can be acquired. The cause and the mechanism leading to vertical accommodative vergence are yet unknown.

Keywords: Strabismus, vergence, vertical, accommodation.
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