Transcutaneous Blepharoptosis Surgery - Advancement of Levator Aponeurosis
Salman Waqar*, 1, Catherine McMurray1, Simon N. Madge1, 2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2010
First Page: 76
Last Page: 80
Publisher ID: TOOPHTJ-4-76
Article History:Received Date: 15/4/2010
Revision Received Date: 25/6/2010
Acceptance Date: 19/7/2010
Electronic publication date: 14/12/2010
Collection year: 2010
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Ptosis surgery has seen many advances in the last few decades, the most important of which have emerged as a result of better understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the eyelid and orbit. Anterior approaches such as a levator aponeurosis advancement, tarsoaponeurectomy and posterior repair involving resection of Muller’s muscle have proven to be effective in most cases. The focus of this article is a discussion of the indications, operative techniques, success rates and complications of transcutaneous levator advancement in detail.