RESEARCH ARTICLE


Multifocal Visual Evoked Potentials (mfVEP) in Diabetic Patients with and without Polyneuropathy



Monica Lövestam-Adrian*, Lotta Gränse, Gert Andersson, Sten Andreasson
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden


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© Lövestam-Adrian et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital in Lund, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden; Tel: +46 46 171470; E-mail: monica.lovestam_adrian@med.lu.se


Abstract

Previously not shown this study support that mfVEP is an indicator of optic nerve neuropathy in diabetic patients and there could be a correlation between the optic nerve dysfunction and diabetic poly neuropathy. The early optic nerve involvement might explain some of the visual complain in this group of diabetic patients.

Purpose:

To investigate the function of the visual pathway measured by mfVEP (multifocal Visual Evoked Potentials) in patients with diabetic retinopathy and neurophysiologically verified polyneuropathy

Subjects and Methods:

Thirty-two diabetic patients with the same degree of diabetic retinopathy were classified with neurography regarding polyneuropathy and further examined with mfVEP. The mfVEPs of eighteen patients with polyneuropathy were compared to those of fourteen diabetic patients without polyneuropathy and to those of ten nondiabetic subjects.

Results:

Diabetic duration, and the number of patients who had undergone panretinal photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy were similar in the two patient groups, 29±13 vs 25±7 years, p=0.3.

Both groups of patients with diabetic retinopathy had significantly lower amplitudes in the mfVEP than the healthy subjects.

In addition the mfVEP amplitudes, which reflect selected areas of the visual function, were significantly reduced in the lower nasal quadrant in patients with neuropathy compared to patients without neuropathy.

Conclusion:

The results indicate that mfVEP could be an indicator of optic nerve neuropathy in patients with diabetic retinopathy. The early optic nerve involvement might explain some of the visual complaints in this group of diabetic patients.

Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, multifocal VEP (mfVEP).