Refractive Error and Ocular Biometry Among Young adults From Cuiabá, Brazil

The Open Ophthalmology Journal 02 Feb 2023 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/18743641-v17-e230109-2022-33



To investigate the distribution of refractive errors and their association with ocular biometric data, family history, and environment variables in medical university students of first to six semesters of UNIVAG - MT.


A general ophthalmological exam was performed including corneal topography and ocular optical biometry. Lens power has calculated by Bennett and Rozema’s formula. A questionnaire regarding a family history of myopia and lifestyle visual activities was applied. Only university students with normal ophthalmological exams were included. Statistical significance was considered at the level of p<0.05.


One hundred twenty-eight students were selected, whereas the other 13 were excluded. The mean age was 21.28 ± 2.18 years. Forty-four (34.4%) participants were males. Regarding refractive errors, 18 (14.1%) were hyperopic, 41 (32%) were emmetropic, 61 (47.7%) were myopic, and 8 (6.3%) were high myopic. The mean and standard deviations of spherical equivalents, axial lengths, keratometries (K1 and K2), and lens powers were -1.27 ± 2.21 D, 24.17 ± 1.07 mm, 42.90 ± 1.25 D, 43.94 ± 1.37 D, and 22.62 ± 1.73 D, respectively. In relation to the family history of myopia, one parent was myopic in 28 (50%) of the subjects, and both parents were myopic in 7 (12.5%) subjects. The average of hours per week spent outdoors were 5.82 +/- 5.80 hs. and spent 2.18 +/- 2.37 hs. at sports activities at night.


Myopia was the most frequent refractive error among the medical university students subject of this study, and was approximately three times higher than those reported for other samples of the Brazilian population. There was a positive correlation between refraction errors and axial length.

Keywords: Refractive errors, Myopia, Axial length, Ocular biometry, Cycloplegic refraction, Gender.
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